Akkordlohn . Zeitlohn, Akkordlohn, Prämienlohn: Ausgestaltung sowie Vor-. Arbeitnehmer beanstandet nicht berücksichtigte Prämien bei Berechnung des. Beim Akkordlohn wird die tatsächlich erbrachte Leistung entgeltet. wird eingesetzt, wenn die Berechnung genauer Akkordsätze unwirtschaftlich ist. Für den. ЪНЁЁЕЁ jìjiàn göngzi Akkordlohn m Sg. ìtÍÈFIMï jijiàn Kalkulation f-en, Berechnung f-en Ъ’ГЁК jìsuàn chi Rechenschieben m – Ъ’ГЁ’ЁЁЁ jìsuàn cuòwù.
Any framework for viewing production also entails its own forms of blindness. Expand all Collapse all. At many Yorkshire mills the weavers were so unorganized that employers could choose their own rules for defining the product and for establishing remuneration. Some commentators supposed that since this time was extrinsic to weaving itself, it ought to akjordlohn excluded from the determination of the ratio; others included it, since managers wanted to know the source of all delays.
To begin, comparative logic can rule out conjectures based on the timing of development. Despite the inaccuracies of the ratio, German accountants used it to distribute production costs.
They routinely levied a retroactive charge upon the responsible weaver when it finally turned out that a damaged piece fetched a substandard price on the market in addition to any fines the managers may have akkorclohn for faults detected at the moment the weaver handed in the piece.
When factory owners accepted an order for a pattern of fabric they had not produced before on a large scale, they needed some way of moving from the amount of time taken to weave a similar pattern in the past to estimate how long it would take to weave the novel pattern. This was the case with the British spinning scales in Oldham, which were expressed in terms of “draws” of the mule. Germany sometimes calculated their output in terms of the number of shuttle motions completed per day, without reference to the length of fabric.
PRÄMIENLOHN – Definition and synonyms of Prämienlohn in the German dictionary
Had mill proprietors in Britain sought only a display of authority or a demonstration of their power to deny wages, they could have used more apt means. To compare basic principles, a German pay table of from a wool firm in Euskirchen on the lower Rhine is shown in Figure 3.
Carl Friedrich Roesler wrote in”The wage is the compensation for the use of the productive capacity lodged in the worker, which is directed into the product through the labor process.
The scales in effect in the Huddersfield district before show this tendency to an even greater degree. To fill out the forms for the government’s employment censuses, managers sometimes had to ask the individual tuners for information on the current size and composition of the workforce.
Contemporaries were well aware of the numerical weight of the occupation of weaving. The British textile mill owners’ bookkeeping faced an unanticipated challenge after Parliament passed the Insurance Act of At many mills weavers escaped punishment for absence from the loom without permission so long as they sent a representative, possibly a family member, to take their place that day.
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Did the contrasting ways of commodifying labor influence the pattern of struggle between textile workers and their employers? See the government specifications for cloth on which it accepted bids, which appeared as a regular feature in textile journals. Some manuals for cost accounting show that British manufacturers believed their profits came from buying the.
Employers in certain neighborhoods said they needed the reduction to cope with their “disadvantages” in the market, since the output on the machines was less than that of competitors.
At Marshall’s of Leeds, the monetary sanction departed from a time metric because managers retaliated by reducing the overdue workers’ official rates of pay for the next weeks.
Apart from this difference in their legal positions, subcontractors in Germany had less unqualified authority over underlings than did subcontractors in Britain. Within the same town, the endpoint of one piece-rate chart might be the midpoint of the next.
The weavers were not simpletons who self-effacingly obeyed the dictates of culture: But the Lancashire weavers declared their readiness to accept new means of calculating pay, so long as the “aggregate wage fund should not be lowered. For more complicated weaves, with bonuses for extra shuttles, remuneration for a fixed length always rose with increases in density, but not at a constant rate Figure 2.
According to influential chroniclers of economic theory, the British economists’ understanding of the labor transaction was not definitively exposed and overturned until a foreign initiate, Karl Marx, completed his analysis of the capitalist labor process.
Weavers labored with approximate estimates of what they ought to earn and with only a tacit understanding of how it ought to be reckoned. In contrast to German methods, British piece-rate scales adjusted the levels of remuneration to the fabric densities by intervals no larger than four picks to the inch, and normally they gauged the rates at intervals of one or two picks to the inch.
A Study in Economic Development Manchester: His distinction is richly suggestive but ultimately insensitive to the new meaning that the conveyance of a product may take on akkorflohn a capitalist order.
But they reverted to remuneration by piece once these conditions passed. Let us not confound form and content: Sind die Bestimmungen des Protokolls Nr. When a British overlooker or manager fired a weaver, he did not have to utter a word.
Karl Marx, Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of As industrial sociologists from Germany have long taken care to emphasize, a piece-rate scale can use the product as a convenient surrogate for measuring the workers’ action and need not accept the product as the object of payment itself.
Other examples of the ratio’s absence in appropriate contexts: Weavers in both countries complained that they could not easily verify the length of the cloth they wove. To explain the divergence in the structures of the weaving scales, let us start with solutions that treat the methods as naturally prompted adaptations to the immediate circumstances of production.
The weaver’s action at the loom, because it does not exist before or after its appearance in the world, cannot as such be either sold or appropriated—although the products of this activity can be. The list in question was for the akkordloh branch.
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