ASME B / ANSI/ASME B – Surface Texture and Gaging for Screw Threads Package ASME B and ANSI/ASME B The ASME B46 1 ANSI ASME. Find the most up-to-date version of ANSI B at Engineering The American Standard for Surface Texture in ANSI B gives Ra as the standard surface finish designation. In most applications where RMS is called.

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Note, that since SPIP version 4. The calculated RMS roughness between cursors corresponds to the square root of the sum of all pixels in the 2D Power Spectrum Image between two concentric circles each with the radius of the inverse wavelength of the cursors in the IAPSD graph.

The advantage of this is that deviations from the bearing plane can be quantified better when setting the bearing plane to zero see how this is done in the Plane Correction Dialog section. If there is a very dominating wavelength, Srwi is close to 0, and if there is no dominating wavelength, it is close to 1. For a Gaussian height distribution S vi approaches 0.

The Projected Area, S2Aexpresses the area of the flat x,y plane as given in the denominator of R Three parameters are calculated based on this figure. This may be the case for image containing well organized linear structures. These parameters are the density of summits, the texture direction, the dominating wavelength and two index parameters. As there are no pixels outside the borders of the image there are no local minimums or local maximums on the borders. With this definition Srwi is always between 0 and 1.


The Radial WavelengthSrwis the dominating wavelength found in the radial spectrum. The Mean Summit Curvature, S scis the average of the principal curvature of the local maximums on the surface, and is defined as:.

These parameters reflect slope gradients and their calculations are based on local z-slopes. Maximum Peak Height Sp: Note,that negative peak artifacts may cause this parameter to be underestimated and in such v46.1 it might be appropriate to perform some noise filtering.

ahsi If the angle of the ridges is turned clockwise, the angle is positive and if the angle of the ridges is turned anti-clockwise, the angle becomes negative. In principle, the texture aspect ratio has a value between 0 and 1. For an anisotropic surface the correlation length is in the direction perpendicular to the surface lay. If the surface is fractal the Log Log graph should be highly linear, with at negative slope. Some of the parameters depend on the definition of a local minimum and a local maximum.

The Roughness Average, S ais defined as:.


The line having the angle, awith the highest amplitude sum, Amaxis the dominating direction in the Fourier transformed image and is perpendicular to the texture direction on the image.

Note, also qnsi roughness values depends strongly on measurement conditions especially scan range and sample density. Area Root Mean Square Slope.

The B461 Root Mean Square Slope, S dq6anxi similar to the Sdq but includes more neighbor pixels in the calculation of the slope for each pixel. For these parameters we require the images to be quadratic. All six parameters are defined from the surface bearing area ratio curve shown in the figures below. The radial spectrum is calculated by the following formula:. Large S bi indicates a good bearing property.


Smaller values indicate broader height distributions and visa versa for values greater than 3. For a Gaussian height distribution S bi approaches 0. The table lists the roughness parameters by their symbol, name, corresponding 2D standard and unit. The angle measured, is the angle difference between the two most dominant angles found in the image by analyzing its autocorrelation function. The amplitude sum, A aat a line with the angle, ais defined as:. For images consisting of parallel ridges, the texture direction is parallel to the direction of the ridges.

The spatial properties are described by five parameters. Dominant Radial Wave Length. The fractal dimension can also be evaluated from 2D Fourier spectra by application of the Log Log function. Fourier spectrum g46.1 the angular and radial spectra. The Density of SummitsSdsis the number of local maximums per g46.1. For all surfaces S ci is between 0 and 0. The functional parameters for characterizing bearing and fluid retention properties are described by six parameters.

ANSI-ASME B46.1-1985.pdf

This parameter is only meaningful if there is a dominating direction on the sample. Large values of S ci indicate that the void volume in the core zone is large.

For all surfaces S vi is between 0 and aansi. The Texture DirectionStdis defined as the angle of the dominating texture in the image. Having found r 0.