Bianculli, AC () Negotiating Trade Liberalization in Argentina and Chile: When Fulquet, G () El Proyecto Educativo Para El MERCOSUR Y Los Debates En Torno . Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing. . Journals A-Z. editing, and Michelle Furman for her excellent design work. Joseph S. Tulchin resistance of Mercosur countries, particularly Brazil and Argentina: the launching Red de Investigaciones Económicas del Mercosur, Edificio Mercosur,. Piso 3. Alaska, Arizona (a minimum of 10 US citizens is required, the majority of them . Tucson: University of Arizona Press. “Etnografía del Budismo Zen Argentino: Ritual, Cuerpo y Poder en la “Nuevas religiones japonesas en el Mercosur: La Transnacionalización Ignorada. Montevideo: Ediciones de la Banda Oriental.
Section reports our main qualitative findings about the major factors that shaped its content. In line with what most countries did, in Mode 4 it includes binding commitments only for senior business employees executives, managers and specialists.
Number of no-restriction commitments. The ratio is le comparatively low in OECD countries except for environmental servicesbut still higher than the Latin American average.
A smaller number of private-sector representatives were also interviewed. None of the countries made commitments in the fields of education, environmental services, social and healthcare services, recreational, cultural and sporting services, and other services. Argentina undertook no market access and national treatment commitments in six sectors, namely education; environment; social and healthcare; recreation, culture and sport; transport; and other services.
Construction and construction- related engineering services. Tourism and travel services, at last, were bound with no restrictions.
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Insurance services were unbound for Modes 1 and 2 market access and national treatment. This suggests that strategic or reciprocity considerations, the last of which was at the centre of financial services negotiations, did not play a relevant role. Mobile telephone services and PCS were bound without restrictions, but in the case of PCS the authorities retained the capacity to determine the maximum number of operators per area.
Apart from that novelty, services negotiations were characterized by inherent complexities. Section draws some conclusions from the case study. In others, such as environmental and other services, technical uncertainties and poor information may have also played a role.
Construction and construction-related engineering services. In the five remaining service sectors of which finance and communications stand out in terms of economic significancethe extent of the commitments was comparatively generous in terms of both coverage and depth. Third, for the same reasons the ratios developed by Hoeckman provide a fragile basis for cross-country or cross-sector comparisons.
Section makes a comparative assessment of the coverage and depth of the Argentine list of offers. The reason for excluding this sector is related to domestic interest groups and, according to some of the negotiators, strategic considerations such as keeping leverage for future negotiations, including regional preferences under GATS Article V Stancanelli This was the third protocol, adopted in July and in force since January In effect, while Argentina bound The first academic works dealing with trade in services were published in the second half of the s.
The number of commitments negotiated was higher than in the case of Chile and slightly higher than Brazil.
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Commitments mercoxur Market Access: Immediately after the launching of the Uruguay Round UR inthe Argentine government allocated the functional responsibility for the technical work on services trade to the Economy Ministry, at that time still responsible for the conduct of international trade negotiations.
Number of negotiated commitments na Argentina fits in this category, since it was both an exporter of temperate agricultural products and an active mercoskr of the Cairns group.
A number of specific market access problems were identified in areas such as construction and consulting especially in Brazilbut a decision was made to take these issues to the sub-regional rather than the multilateral negotiating table. Argentina submitted an initial offer at the beginning ofmore than two years eritorial the presentation of the final list in We are very grateful to those who agreed to share their time and experience with us.
In the next section we examine the broad evidence on the content of the Argentine list of offers, before turning to the issue of what may have accounted for the outcome. However, UDES had very limited success in mobilizing the private sector or making substantive contributions to the policy-making process.
Many public officials interviewed underlined that one of aargentina major obstacles faced was not so much that of gathering the required normative information, but interpreting it in the light of what was necessary to argentjna a national list of commitments.
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These exclusions were not unique to argentlna Argentine dditorial, but very much in line with those of other developing countries, which have typically undertaken very few commitments in these areas. Based on Berlinski y Romero Second, in four out of five sectors in which Chile undertook market access commitments business services, communications, financial services and tourismthe coverage ratio was lower than that of Argentina.
Apparently, the post office authority tried unilaterally to bind a competitive regime for postal services in order to end the state monopoly.
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