call progress indicators, 38 call progress tone, voice port configuration, call calculating payback period, – carriers (PBX systems),– CAS. Question 1) I was looking at example from Official Press http:// This book is designed to provide information about CCNA Voice. Every effort . author to produce a lab book for the CCNA Voice certification. I owe her even.

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In the two exam format, there are 60 minutes in length each instead of 90 minutes for the single, composite exam. This helped to keep the question pool fresh. Cisco actually called this the CCNA 2. Cccna these certifications were introduced, it seems we seen that there was less focus on seeing these concepts on the CCNA exam as they seemed to be phased out during the exam run. Switch Security — Again, as 460461 is concern, Cisco starts to hammer this home on the exam.

Something else I find significant is that Cisco started to tweak the objectives of the exam during the course of this exam number and accordingly changed the questions vouce were in the exam pool. You would receive this certification when you passed your ICND1 exam.

OSI Model — The foundation of how data travels up and down the data stack and allows for inter-operability. As before, we will first note what was removed from the exam which ccba formally SDM, Wireless, and Security as mentioned above. They also decreased the number of questions on the exam from 60 to cvna to 55 to 65 questions per exam. However, this left a glaring hole for those who wanted to break into the new and exciting world 4600-461 computer networking.

Security Device Manager SDM — Which was a grapical interface to configure your router so you did not have to learn the command line. Cisco Router and Cisco Switch Why did they update the router and switch platform?

ATM — An older fixed 53 byte cell technology using virtual circuits. Frame Relay — Still on the exam for large networks that span multiple geographic locations.


History of the CCNA Certification

Cisco Switch The reason we are covering what was on the initial exam to the current day exam is so you can see that the core of the CCNA exam has been relatively unchanged in 15 years! History of the CCNA Certification Given that you are about to take on the challenge of obtaining your Cisco CCNA certification, you probably should know a little about the history of how it came about and how it evolved.

So if you take your time and really absorb and learn the CCNA objectives, it will be something you ovice be able to use for a long, long time cnca your computer networking career. Honestly at this time, most people in the computer vcna space simply overlooked this certification as being irrelevant at the time.

If you do not understand this, you will not pass the exam. There were very few changes in syntax and commands from a CCNA level perspective between But that will soon change and we will discuss that shortly.

CCNA Voice Certification | ICOMM 8

Classless routing including VLSMs — now we are making subnetting really hard and interesting. Well, that is what they were selling at the time. Most of you probably have no idea what I am even talking about. We also had one switch to share between the whole class of 12 students! Static Routing — Still a base concept you must understand to be a successful network engineer. So you can see how much they have dropped in price over the years.

Security — Cisco starts to introduce the concept of Security as hacking is becoming more of a corporate concern. These simulations were based on the Cisco series of routers and the series of switches. Now what did they add to the CCNA exam? First we will look at the items that were on the initial exam and that still reside on the current exam so you can see the core has not changed that much.

So Cisco included simulation questions in which you had to actually configure interfaces at the CLI as these types of questions are a lot harder to memorize. Do you remember what a MAU was?


At this time of the Cisco certification evolution, passing either of the exams did not earn the candidate any type of certification. ISDN — Remember the days of thinking how fast two 56kbps modems basically bundled together were? About a year later inCisco saw the need to really break out different disciplines for their CCNA track.

We will touch on this more in a bit. Finally to and the new CCNA exam. Then in late we had some significant changes and the exam was introduced. Cisco Switch Wireless — This is just being touched on the very basics in this revision of the exam.

The two exam option was ccan to 60 questions in 90 minutes for the new ICND1 exam and 45 to 55 questions in 75 minutes for the new ICND2 option.

So fast forward two years to and exam I think that is pretty impressive given how quickly things are obsolete today.

Simply Cisco removed ISDN from the exam format and updated the router platform to the routers and series switches. It is significant to note that there coice initially no changes to the exam objectives. So this was one of the core topics you would cover on the exam. Well, at least in theory.

Binary-Hex-Decimal Conversions — Although you still need to know binary to decimal conversions to be proficient in subnetting, the hexidecimal conversions were dropped.

This was a single exam and the exam number was I have no idea why so many other articles state the first exam was The composite exam 4460-461 of questions and 90 minutes to complete them all.