Bibliographic information. QR code for Nova crkvena pjesmarica. Title, Nova crkvena pjesmarica. Publisher, Kršćanska Sadaňjost, Length, pages. QR code for Nova crkvena pjesmarica. Title, Nova crkvena pjesmarica. Contributors, Izak Špralja, Vladimir Zagorac, Nives Kuhar, Roman Turčinović. Publisher. Prva tiskana hrvatska crkvena pjesmarica “Pisni” Atanazija Jurjevića iz godine. Front Cover. Miho Demović. Udruga Hrvatskih Himnologa “Pavao Štoos”, .
An age is known by its music Croatian proverb see [ Kuhac ]. The first known Croatian neum pjesmaruca for church music date from the 10th century.
We know of a fragment of a pontifical from the 10th century containg neums, kept in the Convent of Minor Brothers in Dubrovnik. Right column of a Dubrovnik liturgicla book from the 10th century, containing neums of coral music.
Photo from [ DemovicVelika povijest dubrovacke glazbeknj. According to dr don Miho Demovic, Croatians have coral sheet music earlier than Germans. The Osor Evangelistary from the convent of st. Nikola in Osor island of Crescontaining neum notation, is written in beneventana, ornamented by Monte Cassino initials, and accompanied with old neums.
This evangelistary contains among others a prayer for the Pope, for Byzantine emperor, and for the King which at that time was factual ruler of Osor regis nostri – Croatian King Zvonimir. The evangelistry is held in the Vatican Archives. Some of the Christmas folk songs from the 12th century are still very popular.
It is interesting that the Croats have more than five hundred Christmas carols. There are Christmas verses that can have a dozen of different melodies, varying considerably from region to region. The number of Croatian Christmas carols is surprisingly large even in world’s proportions. Miho Demovic, a well known and very popular Croatian Christmas carol Narodi nam se kralj nebeski is from 13th century, and U se vrime godisca might be from 12th century, see Glas koncila, Miho Demovic, a Croatian musicologist, discovered some old scores in the Vatican archives originatin from the territory of Croatia.
Liturgijski recitativi iz starih hrvatskih kodeksa od X.
The Cika Breviary from 11th century is important monument of Croatian culture written in the Benedictine Monastery of St. It also contains musical notation, and is kept in Budapest in the Library of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
Vekenega Evangelistarya top monument of Croatian culture, is a richly illuminated Latin text from the 11th century. It has been written in the famous Benedictine monastery of St Krsevanand is kept today in the Bodleian Library in Oxford.
Crkvena pjesmarica (SATB) – Novak
Below you can see the neums accompaning the text. Very old and valuable for the history of Croatian music is the Dubrovnik Missal from 12th century, now kept in the Bodleian Library in Oxford Canon Ligurg Written in Latin, in Beneventan script, it contains prayers and some chants unique in Europe. See [ Menalopp. The Missal, written for the Dubrovnik Cathedral, is full of old Gregorian chants, containing more than monodic meodies. For a long time it was believed to have been written in North Italy, until E.
Lowe discovered that it was written in Dubrovnik. It is interesting that as many as monodic melodies are preserved in the Dubrovnik region from that time: Out of these monodic melodies, 50 of them represent the Dubrovnik music particularities. In this way Dubrovnik became important European center for monodic music. We can see musical notation also in the famous Trogir Evangelistary Evangeliarium Traguriensewritten inkept in the treasury of the cathedral in Trogir:.
Miho Demovic, an important collection of Croatian Middle Age monodic music can be found in about fifty samples, preserved mostly in the Dubrovnik beneventan missal from the 12th century, and in the Dubrovnik beneventan liturgical manual of legend and rite of St Nicholas from 11th century with additional thirty seven songs, achieving high artistic level.
It is a part of common musical heritage created in Western Europe. The analysis of preserved scores testifies that the Early Middle Age Croatia had one of the most developed and most beautiful music traditions in Europe. See [ DemovicGlazba u staroj hrvatskoj drzavi, pp ].
The following set of photos is from this reference. Many thanks to Dr. Miho Demovic for kind permission. Music score of the exultet from the Dubrovnik missal, 12th century.
Geneaology according to Luka in the Dubrovnik missal, 12th century. Antiphons in ligurgical manual from Dubrovnik, 11th century. Antiphon from the Korcula antiphonal, 11th century, from the island of Korcula.
Croatian classical music
Music score of Easter Evangel from the Kotor pontifical, 11th century. Music scores from the Sibenik Liber sequentiarum, 11th century. Geneaology according to Luka from cfkvena Dubrovnik missal, 12th century.
Music score of Easter Evangel from the Trogir Evangelistary, 12th century.
Antiphons from pjesmariica antiphonal of the chruch of St. Stosija in Zadar, 12th century. Lauds in the evangelistary from the church of St. Simun in Zadar, 11th century. Musical score from the cartular of the convent of St. Marija in Zadar, 11th centry. He was in the City since It was the so called Illyric Rite, named so by Matija Vlacic, i. Flacius Illyricus It seems that the remains of liturgical books crivena to this rite are: See [ DemovicGlazba u ranoj hrvatskoj drzavi, p.
A special place in the history of Croatian music has the Glagolitic church singing.
The earliest mention drkvena glagolitic singing in Croatia is already from the yearwhen Pope Alexandre III visited the town of Zadarknown for its very old and fruitful glagolitic tradition in Croatia. In the Missal of Prince Novak kept in the National Library in Vienna there are symbols above crrkvena Glagolitic text which seem to denote the way of singing. Musique d’autrefoisCroatia. It represents an anthology of Croatian traditional music.
See also Katarina Livljanic. The Passion procession on Croatian islands like on Hvar for instance has centuries old tradition with its roots in the Middle Ages. Passion processions are not organized by the Church or priests, but pjesmxrica laity, i. Musicologists consider passion songs in Croatia among the oldest in Europe.
Each spring a festival of Croatian passion heritage Pasionska bastina is held in Zagreb. Its symbol is glagolitic letter A. These are records of very old tradition. Les chantres de Pharos: See Pasionska bastina page in Croatianand listen to Madonna’s weeping Stabat mater crkgenaa glagolitic chant from the island of Hvar crkvenx of Vrbanja.
Truly amazing way of singing be patient while listening. Leos Janacek, Czechia, composed his famous Glagolitic Mass. The oldest known music preserved in Croatian language is considered to be Kantual “Blagoslovimo Gospodina” Let us Bless Lordwritten in Latin Script, dating from the end of 14th pjsemarica the beginning of 16th centuries. Petar Hektorovica well known Croatian poet, nobleman, connoisseur of Latin language and classical literature, wrote his Ribanje i ribarsko prigovaranje inwhich is the first realistic epic poem of Croatian Renaissance literature.
It provides four folk tunes accompanied with musical notation. The book has been translated from Croatian into English in by Edward Dennis Goy under the title Fishing and fisherman’s’ conversation.
Bartol Gyurgieuvitsborn in Turopolje near Zagreb, had spent 14 years enslaved in Turkish Empire. After his escape to Europe he published numerous works about the Turks.
Among them is De Turcarum pjesmarics et caeremoniis where he is called Bartholomeus Georgievitspublished in Amsterdam inin which he described among others the characteristics of music in Islamic society. It was among the first in Europe treating Islamic music, and was translated into seven languages.
It was indeed very popular throughout Europe: Juraj Husa Croatian captive in Turkey, became a military trumpeter for the Turkish army. Once he played his trumpet on the top of a pyramid near Cairo, 16th century! The Croats can boast of having two excellent Renaissance composers. The first one is Julije Skjavetic Schiavetti from the 16th century. Between and he lived in Sibenik, and was conducting a choir in the famous Sibenik Cathedral.
He wrote a collection of madrigals for voices and a collection of motets for voices both published in Venice in and respectively. An important collection of his motets that was held in Dresden, disappeared after the destruction of the city in Luckily, it was discovered in Krakow in According to [ Miho DemovicPjesmarca Klobucarp.
The earliest known documents testifying to existence of organs in Croatia are from Zagreb and Dubrovnik Ivan Lukacica Renaissance composer born in Sibenik, was conductor and organist in the Split Cathedral. In he published a collection Sacrae cantionescontaining 27 motets for voices accompanied by organs.
Lukacic’s collection was lost in the course of WW2, and rediscovered crkvea the ‘s at the Jagiellon Library in Krakow, Poland. This is the only known copy. Gabriello Pulitian Italian priest, was an important composer for lute and organ in various Croatian towns of Istria. Another interesting Italian composer was Tomaso Cechinian organist in the cathedral in Split and Hvar on the island of Hvar.
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