DECRETO 5707 DE 2006 PDF

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It is important for the content of this article to emphasise that in the aforementioned programmatic document it also stated that “all Spaniards had the right to work” and that “all non-disabled Spaniards have the right to work” El programa,p.

Not only did it involve an undesirable phenomenon due to its consequences on an individual and family level; it represented a threat for society as a whole because of the disruption that it caused in the work activity.

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This method of approaching disability prevention dr accompanied by ddcreto series of consequences regarding the way this phenomenon was interpreted.

Seen as a “service” that individuals provide with the “aim of contributing to the higher good that represents Spain” Declaration I. Congreso Nacional de Medicina y Seguridad en el Trabajo. Obviously, it reinforced the perception of disability in accordance with the “medical model”; but also, by promoting the idea that the “human factor” had an important responsibility in the production of accidents, it encouraged an image of the victims as being guilty of their “invalidity”.

This meant performing possible check-ups after absences of longer than fifteen days due to reasons not pertaining to ordinary leave, or the creation of a “true sense of prevention using suitable dissemination methods” Decreto,p. This abstract may be abridged. Gaceta de Madrid, n. Franco’s regime Ruiz Resa,pp.

Through this, we observed the predominance of xe focus on the three classic dimensions of competencies – knowledge, skills and defreto – but a more contemporary strand of studies skills can already be observed, in which the authors sought to study the practical and organizational structure can influence the development of individual skills, reporting on the current trend of “can do” at work, understood as the ability of institutions to receive, give conditions and utilize the potential of its employees.

Furthermore, decteto we take into account that, as we saw above, the worker had not fulfilled the safety provisions, he could be sanctioned, this method meant a threat to the possibilities of the injured ” productor ” receiving compensation that could be due to him in the case of becoming disabled.

Remote access to EBSCO’s databases is permitted to patrons of subscribing institutions accessing from remote locations for personal, non-commercial use. To promote efficiency, it was the doctor’s function to prevent the situations that led to the worker suspending his productive activity; to obtain the worker’s fast recovery when he had had to leave his work due to an accident or an occupational illness; and to increase the worker’s physical capacity to make him work harder.

The idea was to renew “the Catholic tradition, of social justice and high human sense that informed the legislation of the empire” Decreto de 9 de marzo,p. As we will see further on, the Franco Regime’s new legislation would include these approaches and provide occupational medicine with a strategic position within the framework of the actions aimed at exercising social control over the ” productores “.

Its contents show how the Francoist regime tried to respond from its ideological position to the already widespread trend of implanting social security programmes in the states. Additionally, with the creation of the so-called Company Juries Decreto,which in took on the competences of the Health and Safety at Work Committees Decreto,occupational medicine found a new area of legitimation to justify the advisability of the ” Nuevo Estado ” continuing to promote their development.

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On this point, the Fuero del Trabajo was going to operate in Spain as a fundamental legislative reference point in relation to the actions that the Franco regime was going to undertake to resolve the “problem” of disability.

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Inthe 2nd Republic gave it the responsibility of managing a new institution: Its Statutes established Art. Amongst other things, the idea was to instill in the ” productor ” the value of preventing disability, particularly when it was the result of accidents at work. During the first half of the 20th century, the concern for the population was a prominent feature in Western states.

The NIMHSW responded to this challenge by carrying out training courses to provide the state with the type of doctors that it needed Cursillo, On the one hand, it was necessary to generate the conviction that the ” productores ‘” bodily integrity represented an essential value for his individual future, but also for the collective future. Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo.

Therefore, from the pages of the first issue of their magazine, they highlighted the fact that the work performed by experts with special training in this subject was “highly necessary”, and they stated that the state needed “many thousands” of this type of doctor to help Spanish industry resolve several significant problems: It is not surprising that, as it was presented as something that was necessary and essential for the prosperity of the Nation, and as the origin of a series of recognitions for those who undertook its performance, the new regime proclaimed the “right to work” of all Spaniards and considered the guarantee of its fulfilment to be a “primary task of the State” Declaration I.

Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. Disability was therefore shown as a phenomenon which had important repercussions both on the people who were classified as “disabled”, and on those who were considered “able” to work; disability became a powerful reason to justify and legitimate actions aimed at controlling the behaviour of all the workers in order to prevent them from becoming, either temporarily or permanently, unproductive fecreto.

Moreover, the control exercised by the doctors ddcreto the workers in order to establish whether they could be exempted from their duty of working, or of enjoying the resources that the state placed in the hands of those who had acquired his status as “invalid” as a result of an occupational disease or an accident at work, projected a permanent doubt regarding disabled people derived from the possibility that the impairments had been faked.

Endnotes This statement about the valuable role that medicine could play in the sustainment of the Franco regime has also been indicated for the case of Hitler’s Germany. Their capacity to remove the ” productor ” from disability, attempting his recovery and watching to ensure that no fraud was committed by faking this, turned the specialists in this field of medicine into essential components used to reach these political goals.

The ideology of National Syndicalism not only saw in this area of medicine as a perfect way to impart its way of interpreting what was deccreto by the nation’s prosperity and the wellbeing of Spaniards in general, but also a way to reduce the opposition amongst Spanish ddcreto to the Dictatorship and gaining supporters for the national cause. The National Work Accident Fund was set up for this purpose.

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Asclepio51 2decretk This allowed the Work Clinic to continue developing its activity throughout the period of the Franco’s Regime Dexreto Excmo. Amongst the conclusions reached at this meeting, in which over five hundred people took part and two hundred and eighty-seven papers were presented, I would like to underscore here the following: Now it dscreto vindicated an important role in the task for controlling absenteeism for the company doctor, a deceto that was considered to be on the rise in spite of the safety and social welfare plans Sangro,p.

In order to develop my exposition, I will first show how the relevance that work held within the Franco regime’s ideology determined a view of disability that was shown in legislative actions and how occupational medicine was considered as a useful area to be able to reach these goals.

On this point, occupational medicine was used as a significant element to shape the modern state through the growing role of monitoring in the social domain that doctors had been carrying out, particularly from the beginning of the 19th century Armstrong, Disability, considered to be an obstacle to the correct performance of the work activity, arose as a phenomenon that had to be included in the general measures aimed at regulating and controlling the performance of the productive tasks.

Jordana de Pozas, L. It was materialised in the substitution of the compensation system by the income system and in the principle of compulsory accident insurance Jordana de Pozas,p. However, the Fuero also gave more emphasis on the mandatory nature of work than the idea of work as a right. Cours du 17 mars The way in which the Franco Regime valued work, and therefore how phenomena such as disability could have a negative effect on it, was used to promote occupational medicine.

In the United States, for example, the Social Security Act provided for universal retirement, unemployment 577, and welfare benefits for the poor and disabled Cowie,p. Therefore, the State had to carry out three tasks in which occupational medicine was going to be involved and was going to acquire a leading role: Firsy, the categorical wish by the regime to establish social control dynamics that were legitimated by ddcreto need to prevent the threat that disability represented for the nation’s prosperity.

In this way, Deecreto imbued disability with some significant features. Work was given an important position within the political programme of General Franco’s dictatorship, which considered work to be a fundamental factor for economic development and a means by which the regime could exercise its power.

Ley de 1 de septiembre de Caja Nacional de Seguro de Accidentes del Trabajo. The doctors from the Institute were aware of the support they were receiving from Franco’s regime and they took advantage of it to demand greater presence in the working environment.

In this way, at the same time as fighting hazards at work, it also fought the illnesses caused by technology and the illnesses related to work; doing so, the workers’ efficiency would be increased due to the hygiene-healthcare steps and a “psychological arrangement of the work”.

Once the legislation regarding accidents at work had been established, the Health and Safety Regulation of the 31st of January was prepared, aimed at preventing accidents from occurring or, at least, “decreasing their number and severity by way of an intense preventive task” where drcreto related to deceto problem” Orden,p.