B5, Bayint Naung Rd, Shwe Padak Yeik Mon, Mamayut, Yangon. EKSPORTERZY .. , Upper Myanmar Wood and Lumber Co-op (Branch). 37 (B), 27th (B). Poland’s GI ranking in Band B places it in the low risk category for corruption in the defence and security sector. The highest risk area is Operations, which fell in . 66 Decyzja Nr /MON Ministra Obrony Narodowej z dnia lotnictwa Sił Zbrojnych RP”, wydanie tymczasowe, Poznań WLOP /

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However, it is not clear to what kon the independent controls foreseen – including the prerogatives of the Supreme Chamber of Control – are carried out, as no specific reports could be located.

Zbigniew Błoński – Wikipedia, wolna encyklopedia

I would change the score to 3 due to general weakness of the law enforcement. Minister of Defence and Deputy Prime Minister Tomasz Siemoniak participated in the debate of the Freedom Institute dedicated to the Polish security policy, focusing on the ballistic missile threat and the consequences of the war against Ukraine [7].

However, no direct statements regarding links between general strategies and individual acquisitions have been made. The co-operation between the Ministry of National Decyzna and civil society organisations is regulated by Decision no. The Law on Offsets Article decjzja explicitly stipulates that offset contracts are not subject to the provisions of the Law on Protection of Competition.

Zbigniew Błoński

Batory Foundation, ‘Annual Reports’, http: Are senior positions within the intelligence services filled on the basis of objective selection criteria, and are appointees subject to investigation of their suitability and prior conduct?

Score 2 has been selected to reflect two different laws governing offsets.

Cecyzja procurement requirements derived from an open, well-audited national defence and security strategy? A number of institutions are included in the process of supervision of quality of contract fulfilment with special focus on meeting technical requirementsthe most important being The Inspectorate of Armaments and subordinated Regional Military Subsidiaries. Is the country’s national defence policy debated and publicly available?


Civilian personnel’s wages and allowances are regulated by the Civil Service Act, annual budget laws and corresponding executive decisions, which are publicly available [3, 4, 5, 6, 7]: Inthe Military Police in cooperation with the police detected 3 cases connected with corruption and organised crime groups 2 cases in Gdynia and 1 in Malbork41 cases connected with corruption.

The media have stated that judicial procedures took too long and spectacular police operations could yield disappointing results when it comes the secyzja to be presented before the courts. The recently adopted bill on the reform of the Armed Forces command was subject to debate in the framework of the Strategic Security Forum, encompassing Members of Parliament and European Parliament, representatives of academia, representatives of the Club of Generals of the Republic of Poland, experts and analysts [2].

However, this oversight seems to be primarily of an economic, not anti-corruption nature. The Access to Public Information Act of is mentioned on the Ministry of National Defence’s website as a legal base for applying for public information [7].

Poland, | Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index | Transparency International

Moreover, a lot of critical remarks pointing at the systemic weaknesses towards the mentioned Programmes have been expressed in the official statements of various CSOs, including the Anticorruption Coalition of Nongovernmental Organizations. Examples of ongoing debate on defence issues in Polish media: Previous experience indeed suggests some scepticism.

My only comment, or addition, is that because the Bureau of Anti-Corruption Procedures reports directly to the Minister of Defence its independence can be questioned.

Dystrybutor London cigarettes Myawadi Trading. Further, this impacts compliance with the ATT.

Aung Than Oo wiceminister ds. Some training takes place in individual cases and on an irregular basis [1]. The Military Property Agency is tasked with the disposal of the military property, including arms, equipment and real estate [3].


Min reflect uncertainty, score 1 has been selected. The MOD and the audit institutions can build on this by ensuring that audits are carried out regularly and their results are public at least in abbreviated form where confidential information needs to be protected and ensuring that national security exemptions from regular procedures are well justified.

From onwards, it has been operating an easily recognisable e-mail address stop. A Cabinet directive established the procedure and named those responsible for deciding whether a national interest is concerned in a given procurement process.

These, however, are usually conducted on a lower, base level and mainly apply to tenders for non-military services and equipment. The bill was amended in May to eliminate a number of solutions that had not contributed to raising the level of international security and placed an additional burden on Polish manufacturers and exporters, as well as the government administration.

The Anti-Corruption Bureau has established reporting mechanisms for whistleblowers. It is worth noting though, that none of the aforementioned purchases were reported to be inspired by the selling nations; they follow the logic of subsequent Security Strategies and medium-and-long term acquisition planning.

While the Ministry of Defence has signed an agreement with the Polish chapter of Transparency International, the closure of the chapter decyyzja left a void in the sphere of institutional collaboration.

There are no polls which would explicitly decysja about respondents’ perception of how effective defence institutions are in fighting corruption. Government Anti-corruption Programme for – 19, accessed: However, their role is not clearly established and especially in the case of the Service, anti-bribery activities are not expected to take priority over field surveillance, unless local conditions require so e.