King Gesar is a heroic epic created by the Tibetans from a collection of ancient legends, myths, verses, proverbs and various other folk cultures. This page is about the plots of King Gesar, a famous Tibetan epic, including birth of Gesar, how did Gesar become the King of Tibet and what. The first and only English translation of the centuries-old Tibetan spiritual allegory of King Gesar, a tale on a par with The Arabian Nights or the King Arthur .

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Etymology of the name and origin of the epic Etymology. In Osmaston, Henry; Denwood, Philip. Some bards of this epic sgrung: The ancient Babylonian Gilgamesh 3, versesthe Greek Iliad over 15, verses and Odyssey 12, versesand the Indian Ramayana 18, odes with two verses each and Mahabharata more thanodes comprising oververses.

None of the surviving Tibetan texts date from earlier than the eighteenth century, though they are likely based on older texts.

The kidnapping of ‘Brug-mo. Makye Ame is the landmark of Lhasa, the yellow house is the must-see place for any of Tibet trip.

Kesar defeats the giants of the northassisted by the giant’s wife Dze-mo. Steinearlier than the written versions, but rather depend on them.

Epic of King Gesar

Its classic version is to be found in central Tibet. When he was eight, they were joined by the members of the Ling tribe. We would also appreciate your feedback on Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia. His victory marks his coming of age, as consecrated kinghe proclaims himself ‘the Great LionWish. A Russian translation of the Mongolian Geser texts, which had been printed in Beijing from onwards, was published by the Moravian missionary Isaak Jakob Schmidt in ; a German translation followed in Furthermore, the epic reflects Tibetan society during the sixth to ninth centuries rather than the tenth knig.

One Hundred Thousand Moons. The epic has been translated into languages of other brother nationalities of China as well as English, French, Russian, German, Indian and other foreign languages.

This struggle between Ling and Hor gsear central to the epic. But his vanquishing of the dzongs or egsar preserves an ambiguity, since these were potential outposts of the state.


Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed. Instead of dying a normal death he departs into a hidden realm from which he may return at some time in the future to save his people from their enemies.

This last mode bears strong similarities with shamanic practitioners like the pawo mediums and mig mthong diviners. Given the central role the epic played over the centuries in Tibetan folk cultureTibetan Buddhism has incorporated elements from it and interpreted them in religious terms.

King Gesar Ling

However, his invincible powers and protection from the Besar of Heaven helped him to survive and eventually defeat the demons. The sky is blue like jade. As a boy, he was very mischievous, but divine by nature and full of supernatural powers.

As a result, hordes of cannibalistic demons and goblinsled by malignant and greedy rulers of many ogwreak havoc. Gesar and the Kingdom of Ling. A given Gesar singer would know only his local version, which nonetheless would take weeks to recite.

The versions of the Gesar epic collected in Bhutan, in publication sinceare projected to run into some 31 volumes. In its distinctive Tibetan formthe epic appears to date from the time of the second transmission of Buddhism to Tibet marked by the formation of the KadampaKagyu and Sakya schoolsalthough the story includes early elements taken from Indian tantricism. A Tibetan scholar has written: In the region of Baltistan the King Kesar’s saga was told in homes, especially in winter but now it is at the verge of distinction due to availability of the media devices.

He wars against Abarga Sasen, a headed demon born from Atai Ulan’s right leg.

Retrieved 14 July Stein followed this publication with his page magnum opus on the Tibetan epic entitled, Recherches sur l’Epopee et le Barde au Tibet. With exceptional passion and outstanding leadership, Mrs. The epic has a vast number of variants in plot and motifs, but while there is little point in looking for a consistent picture, the core of the story, similar to that of many legendary cycles, has been summed up as follows: Tibetan music needs to be explored in your lifetime.


In subsequent episodes he defends his people against various external aggressors, human and superhuman. Check how our clients are enjoying their Tibet trip. When Gesar reaches his eighties, he briefly descends to Hell as a last episode before he leaves the land of men and ascends once more to his kinh paradise.

After he finished his glorious missions, King Gesar took his mother and his beautiful empress back to heaven, bringing the grand epic of his life to a epci close. While he is away, his beautiful wife is kidnapped by Gur dKar literally: The wide variety of cultures in which the Gesar epic is encountered means that the name for the hero varies.

Plots of King Gesar – Tibetan Epic

More about Your Travel Plan: How does a young Tibetan become a Tibetan monk and what kind of life he is expected to have in the monastery? At the age of five, he and his mother with a tribe ‘Ling’ moved to the banks of the Yellow River. The great hero and kig brave army are kept alive in the rich, imaginative retellings of the epic. Previous Ephraem the Syrian. Setsenmunkh has argued, and the idea was shared by C. While away, his wife is kidnapped by Gur-dkar literally: In George Roerich made a comprehensive survey of the literature of Gesar Roerich ; In the 20th century, other Mongolian Geser texts were edited by scientists like Nicholas Poppe and Walther Heissig.

The received o of the Ge-sar cycle are thickly overlaid with Buddhist ideas and motifs, and detecting the original ‘heroic’ form is difficult. The Epic of King Gesar provided a wealth of material for later Tibetan literature and art. Crossings on a Bridge of Light: