Feline panleukopenia is a highly contagious, often fatal, viral disease of cats that is seen worldwide. Kittens are affected most severely. The causative parvovirus. Feline Panleukopenia virus (FPV), also commonly referred to as feline distemper, is a highly contagious and life-threatening viral disease in cats. Learn more. Feline panleukopenia virus is highly contagious. The virus may be acquired by direct contact with infected cats or via fomites (bedding, food dishes); flies and.
Infected cats and kittens usually have a fever, are obviously depressed and viru not eat. Good veterinary and nursing care is vital to help cats, especially young kittens, recover from the disease.
It causes a decrease in the cat’s white blood cellsthus psnleukopenia its immune system. All about cats Getting a cat Caring for your cat Cat behaviour Cat health. Interferons are chemicals made in the body that can exert an antiviral effect.
No specific treatment is available for FPV infection and it is vital that any suspected cases are nursed in isolation as this is a highly contagious disease. A number of combination vaccines for several different diseases, including panleukopenia, are also available.
If a cat is exposed during pregnancy, the virus can cause cerebellar hypoplasia in her offspring. Even if a cat survives acute FPL, late complications such as cardiomyopathy and myocarditis can occur, though there have never been any reported cases of hematologic or gastrointestinal sequalae, and it seems that late myocarditis or cardiomyopathy is extremely rare paneukopenia feline panleukopenia-affected cats.
Pnleukopenia Station, New Jersey: Affected cats develop acute onset haemorrhagic vomiting and diarrhoea and some cats die rapidly. Skip to main content. Retrieved panleuko;enia May At the beginning of the s, cats brought to Marion Islandone of the Prince Edward Islandsto deal with a mouse problem in the local meteorological station, went out of growth control. How you can support us Make a donation Our fundraising promise Leave a legacy Corporate giving. Praxisrelevante fragen anhand eines fallbeispiels.
Feline panleukopenia requires aggressive treatment if the cat is to survive, as this disease can kill cats in less than 24 hours.
Inhibitory effects of recombinant feline interferon on the replication of feline enteropathogenic viruses in vitro. Elsevier – Health Sciences Division. Typically, it also causes a decrease in hematocrit and platelet counts on a complete blood count. May Learn how and when to remove this template message.
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Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Retrieved from ” https: Viral replication at these sites leads to a marked depletion of white blood cells.
The virus primarily attacks the lining of the gastrointestinal tractcausing internal ulceration and, ultimately, total sloughing of the intestinal epithelium. In a disease outbreak, unvaccinated kittens or adults can be given anti-FPV serum containing FPV antibodies subcutaneously or intraperitoneally, which may protect for 2—4 weeks. However, fecal antigen is detectable only for a short time after infection. Both viruses cause an acute disease, with virus replicating for less than seven days before being cleared by the developing immune responses.
Neutropenia is a more consistent finding than lymphopenia. Articles needing additional references from May All articles needing additional references Articles with ‘species’ microformats.
Feline panleukopenia – Wikipedia
In neonatal animals the viruses replicate in a large number of tissues, and FPV infection of the germinal epithelium of the cerebellum felien to cerebellar hypoplasia, while CPV may infect the hearts of neonatal pups, causing myocarditis. Carnivore protoparvovirus 1 NCBI: Cats infected with FPV can continue to excrete the virus for at least six weeks following infection, and the virus can also be transmitted by dogs.
Kittens may initially seem fine, but as they start to move and walk it becomes obvious that they are highly uncoordinated. Once contracted, it is highly contagious and can be fatal to the affected cat. Long-term immunity in cats vaccinated with an inactivated trivalent vaccine.
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