One of such is the Gadaa system of the Oromo People. . Hallpike, C. R., “ Review: The Origins of the Borana Gada System,” Reviewed. Oromo elites, Abba Gadaa (father of Gadaa), historians most often say that it is The Gada system is largely practised by the Oromo people. Was it a system used through out Oromia or was it prevalent in one region of Oromia The Gada system spread with the migration and intermingle of the Oromo.

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The Committee furthermore reviewed seven programmes proposed for inclusion on the Register of Best Safeguarding Practices.

Briefing: What is Oromo’s Gada system? | Horn Affairs

Here we can see the enormous contribution of Qaalluu institution in Oroko politics. Later it came to bind the socio-economic, political and religious life of the innocent man living by raising cattle around Walaabuu. The four inscribed cultural heritages in need of urgent safeguarding are: According to the meaning given by scholars, the Gada System was associated with the development of religious and political culture of the Oromo.

The transition into this final grade is formally take place by rite of incense exchange Qumbi wal irraa fuudhuu.

Ethiopia: Key Background Information On Gadaa System

Palgrave Macmillan, New York. On the other hand, the fact that many Cushitic peoples and other East African peoples practice age-set type of organization in their culture in the long time presence in East Africa symbolized that Gadaa was an ancient institution and might have began before systrm dispersion of the proto-cushitics into different nation.

Therefore it is used in rain making ceremony, in prayers to get children etc. Name of the communities, groups concerned: The Gada Assembly Yaa? They went on to argue that those who assume the position control most of the authority and wealth of the country. Literary Abbaa Muudaa means father or owner of muudaa ceremony.


His duties also include transferring knowledge and skills associated with the functions of the democratic Gadx System to hada members of succeeding grades.

Oromo elites, Abba Gadaa father of Gadaahistorians most often say that it is impossible to know about Oromo’s background without understanding the ruling scheme of the Gadaa System. The transition rituals by which the genealogical social group the sons passes from one grade to the next is performed every eight years during the life cycle.

As a governance System, Gada guides the life course of individuals and regulates political, economic, social and religious activities of the community. Within forty years, all five parties serve their nation constituting ‘One Gadaa’.

The Gadaa System of the Oromo People | Participedia

Moreover, the Gada system contributes to sustainable development of the community as it engages every member in social and economic development duties and regulates conservation of the environment. A number of scholars have studied Gadaa.

Even the governing agencies of the Oromiya Regional Government derive from the traditional institutions of the Gada System Gada egalitarian ethos and communal solidarity. The researches explain that the Gada system greatly believes in rigorous practical or actual testing of the candidates before they assume office unlike western democracy which in most cases exclusively relies on election.

Historically, it has been seen as a better method of governing than other forms in the region. The sixth grade is called the Gada grade. There are several inter-generational rules of the Oromo society under the Gada system of which the basic rule is the position of a man on the Gada cycle is always five grades forty years ahead of the grade of his son. Journal of the International African Institute, Vol.


Thus, an understanding of the System by different communities helps for inter-cultural dialogue and encourage mutual respect. The Oromo socio-political structures had been dismantled by the Abyssinian conquerors that came from the north.

For Jalata, Gadaa represents “the totality of Oromo civilization”.

Its Members are indigenous peoples, minorities, unrecognised States and occupied territories that have joined together to defend their political, social and cultural rights, to preserve their environments and to promote their right to self-determination.

Its meaning varies from time to time. The three age regiments in other words are age-sets belonging to grade IV, V and grade VI of the Gada stages of development. Sources indicate that gaada Gada system possesses some prominent unique features when compared to western democracies. The first forty years of the total life cycle of eighty years is an active generation which is divided into five segments each having a time spam of eight years.

The big news for Ethiopia is that the Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio-political system of the Oromo, has been inscribed on the representative list of the intangible cultural heritage of humanity. Every eight years power is transferred from one Gadaa class to other without violence or conflicts due to the presences of Qaaluu.