Time Duration and Simultaneity . Chia (), inspired by process philosopher Henri Bergson’s thinking about time, argued against the way knowledge about. Bergson. – Duration And Simultaneity [Book Review]. J. Merleau-Ponty Henri Bergson, Duration and Simultaneity: Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe. Henri Bergson, Duration and Simultaneity: Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe Time, Duration and Freedom – Bergson’s Critical Move Against Kant.

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For Bergson, image differs from representation, but it does not differ in nature from representation since Bergson’s criticism of materialism consists in showing that matter does not differ in nature from representation. We must therefore replace ourselves in the state of mind in which we were to be found in the beginning, when we believed in a motionless ether in absolute rest, and yet had to account for the Michelson-Morley experiment. This, in view of the intellectual climate of the time, showed a very clear perception.

The striking religious tone of this book did not harmonize well with Husserl’s phenomenology, which aimed to be a rigorous science. The relativity postu- late, on the other hand, while perhaps not essential to his philosophy, is in complete harmony with it.

But, m the first place, the nature of this participation is unknown, as we once demonstrated; it may relate to a property that things outside us have, without themselves enduring, of mani- festing themselves in our duration in so far as they act upon us, and of thus scanning or staking out the course of our con- brgson life.

A bwrgson has taken place. First, sci- ence runs counter to common sense only when strictly neces- sary.

Henri Bergson, Duration and Simultaneity: Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe Reviewed by

If, in the same spatial interval between two events, a clock ticks off a fewer number of seconds, each of them lasts longer. Here we see that Bergson has not only tried to break with Simultaneiyy, but also with Parmenides’s philosophy of the same. This contraction explains why the Michelson-Morley experiment gives the same results as if light had a constant speed equal to c in all directions.

It makes no duragion that light waves and electromagnetic disturbances originate in a moving system: Kant’s moral philosophy has its source in such needs. Nothing within a duration can be the cause of anything else within it. It is therefore quite true that time is measured through the intermediary of motion.


All men and probably most animals possess this awareness of re- solved-upon and executed movements. Or else, allowing the earth its true size, we shall understand that the trihedral is located somewhere upon it.

On both theories it will read an earlier time than B on arrival. This placement of oneself up above the turn is not easy; above all else, Bergson appreciates effort.

Henri Bergson (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

duratiion But the unreality of multiple times betokens the singleness of real time. Let us begin with the problem which, though not the most fundamental, presents the conflict most smiultaneity prob- lem of what has come to be known as “asymmetrical aging.

There is, therefore, a little bit of instinct surviving within each intelligent being, making it immediately — if only partially — coincide with the original vital impulse. Let us now consider the passage of the beam 72 1 The earth’s motion may be thought of as a simjltaneity, uniform trans- lation during the course of the experiment.

If a symbol is slmultaneity the letter t, then our experiences of time must necessarily follow the course that the symbol takes in the logically impeccable theory. Professor Dingle’s Introduction to the present work is of great importance in itself; and it should serve to heighten the impact of Bergson’s Duration and Simultaneity upon the intellectual world.

But these changes escape the observer who is part of the moving system. The mathematician, it is nergson, will not have to occupy himself with it, since he is concerned with the measurement of things, not their nature. According to them, the line OA would contract as the result of its motion in such a way as to re-establish equality between the two double passages. In thus formulating humanity’s belief, we are perhaps putting more precision into it than is proper.

Duration (philosophy) – Wikipedia

That of a flow or passage, but a self-sufficient flow or passage, the flow not implying a thing that flows, and the passing not pre- supposing states through which we pass; the thing and the state are only artificially taken snapshots of the transition; and this transition, all that is naturally experienced, is duration itself. But also, for Bergson, this twofold movement of rotation and contraction can be repeated in language.

Bergson is employing the concept of image to dispel the false belief — central to realism and materialism — that matter is a thing that possesses a hidden power able to produce representations in us. There is no hidden power in matter; matter is only images.

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Even this image is incomplete, because the wealth of colouring is forgotten when it is invoked. This would not be possible without the tendency— fertile in illusions— which leads us to apply the mo- tion against the distance traveled, to make the trajectory coin- cide with the journey, and then to decompose the motion over the line as we decompose the sikultaneity itself; if it has suited us to single out points on the line, these points will then become positions” of the moving body as if the latter, moving, durztion ever coincide with something at rest, simultanety if it would not thus stop moving at oncel.

Only signals emitted through the ether meet this requirement: The only difference is that while the lin- guistic philosophers allow their symbols to say nothing, the mathexnaticians make theirs talk nonsense. Science Logic and Mathematics. But, there is no instantaneous communication; and, since every transmission takes time, simultanneity have had to select one that is carried out under unchanging conditions.

This consideration seems to me final.

In principle this has always been acknowledged, but in science, because of its history— modern science began largely as a revolt against the undue neglect of experience in philoso- phy—the assessment of theories has been left almost entirely to experience. But it is also necessary to know why we ourselves, in our turn, measuring the speed of light by terrestrial experiments such as those of Fizeau bergsoj Foucault, always get the same fig- ure c no matter what the earth’s speed may be with respect to the ether.

Bergson also calls the last characteristic of temporal progress mobility. Born in Paris in of Jewish parents, Henri Bergson received his education there and subsequently taught at Angers and Clermont-Ferraud before returning to Paris.

Our two physicists will therefore naturally find that the time for the journey from O to A, com- puted by means of the two clocks located at O and A respec- tively, is equal to half the round trip’s total time, as computed bbergson the clock at O alone. Many philosophers today think that this concept of multiplicity, despite its difficulty, is revolutionary.