Irving Rouse-The Tainos – Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online. Information on tainos. Drawing on archeological and ethno-historical evidence, Irving Rouse sketches a picture of the Tainos as they existed during the time of Columbus, contrasting. How to Cite: Delle, J.A., The Tainos: Rise and Decline of the People Who Greeted Columbus by Irving Rouse, Yale University Press, New Haven.

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In Rouse had a heart attack while on a project in Antigua, signaling the end gouse his fieldwork career. These objects would have been made through either flaking, battering, or grinding techniques. This was the culture, which was fairly complex in social structure, that was first encountered by Old World explorers, most notably Christopher Columbus.

While employed at the museum, Rouse also taught courses in anthropologybeginning as an instructor in anthropology fromadvancing to Assistant ProfessorAssociate ProfessorProfessorand finally becoming Charles J.

Irving Rouse

Most of the evidence about Couri culture comes in the form of material culturedefined by Rouse as concerning “standards observable in the artefacts [sic] of the sites under study” [11] He observes sixteen “types” tanos artifacts defined here as “the set of standards to which the artifacts as a whole conform”, [12] mostly flintbut some ground stone and shell artifacts as well. He suspected the Couri groups were semi-nomadic and band-like in structure due to the small, shallow nature of the sites excavated.

The flint artifacts included rouss, knives, and scrapers, which were often large and crude. He believes that the concept of private property may have had a role in the Couri culture, giving the stone beads and stone and shell pendants as examples. Irving and Mary had two sons, David and Peter. These flint daggers and knives are the only evidence present that might indicate warfare.


Social organization would have been well developed and similar to that of historical times. Hill —99 Louise Lamphere — Benjamin Irving Rouse August 29, — February 24, was an American archaeologist on the faculty of Yale University best known for his work in the Greater and Lesser Antilles of the Caribbeanespecially in Haiti.

Howells Wendell C. He also conducted fieldwork in Florida and Venezuela. Throughout his career, Rouse maintained that the only migrations to the islands were those mentioned above. The Manicauroid series was the only ethnic series that fit in the Meso-Indian epoch.

This project was not a total disaster, however. Social organization would have been similar to Meillac group social structure, with people living houses grouped into villages. One particular type of cooking pottery that was popular in the region both in the Meillac and Carrier groups discussed below was the “pepper pot”, a vessel in which most of their prepared food was made.

Rouse notes that while modes are “inherent” in a collection, types are created by the archaeologist by selecting the modes which he determines to be relevant. His maternal grandfather was Czech. In this volume Rouse discusses different population movements throughout the world, and discusses his view of the proper way to study prehistoric migrations. Adams Francis L. Taxonomic classification is done by creating a set of classes which differentiate the artifacts in a collection by type type being the end product of Taxonomic classification.

Rouse identifies the Meillac groups as sedentary agriculturist, who relied not only on shellfish, seafood, and birds for subsistence, but they also probably cultivated corn and manioc and collected wild vegetables. The hypotheses should also be tested against other forms of anthropological data, such as linguistic and physical anthropological data. The first culture he classifies is the Couri culture.

The second culture Rouse identifies is called the Meillac group.

It was taiinos the information obtained from this project that Rouse developed a theory that different assemblages were not the result of different migrations a theory held by a mentor of his, Froelich Raineybut were instead the result of a single line of development. A review of this publication outlines the general technique Rouse believed would be most useful in studying taainos.


Cruxent on a publication examining Venezuelan archaeology. In this publication, Rouse and Cruxent identify two ways in which cultures can be classified: Hodge —16 Alfred L.

The first segment of his dissertation is a definition of the methods he would use in studying the cultures of this region titled Prehistory in Haiti: In a article in American AntiquityRouse breaks classification of artifacts down into two forms, analytic and taxonomic, and discusses the goals of each form.

David continued the family tradition by becoming an urban landscape architectwhile Peter worked as chief of staff for both Tom Daschle and Barack Obama in the United States Senate. A Study in Method These classes are constituted of two or more modes.

Other archaeologists believed that every new pottery type was a product of a new migration from the mainland. This page was last edited on 11 Mayat Upon receiving his Ph.

The Tainos: Rise & Decline of the People who Greeted Columbus – Irving Rouse – Google Books

This event sparked a lifelong interest in identifying migrations of people and understanding the reason rouze migrations of human populations. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

These sherds were classified into 30 types. One major contribution Rouse made to Caribbean archaeology involves the reconstruction of the migrations that were responsible for the populating of the islands.