Juni In , Morgenthau proposed the Morgenthau Plan for postwar Germany, calling for Germany to lose the heavy industry, and the Ruhr area. It took over two months for General Clay to overcome continued resistance to the new directive JCS , but on July 10, , it was finally. was superseded by the more accommodative JCS The first American Military Government Commander in Germany was. Dwight D. Eisenhower (of World.
The memorandum drafted by Churchill provided for “eliminating the warmaking industries in the Ruhr and the Saar Posted by N N. At an average ration of calories a day, malnutrition was at its worst stage in post-war Germany. You will initiate appropriate surveys which may assist you in achieving the objectives of the occupation.
You will take no action that would tend to support basic living standards in Germany ucs a higher level than that existing in any one of the neighboring United Nations and you will take appropriate measures to ensure that basic living standards of the German people are not higher than those existing in any one of the neighboring United Nations when such measures will contribute to raising the standards of any 17779 nation.
As late as March jsc were still active plans to let France annex the Ruhr. Accordingly, you will in your zone reduce to the possession and control of a special agency established by you, within your Command, all German foreign exchange and external assets as provided in subparagraph a. That unfortunately is jcw based on fact.
No such persons shall be retained in any of the categories of employment listed above because of administrative necessity, convenience or expediency.
Pending agreement in the Control Council you will assure that such measures as you consider necessary are taken in your own zone. In jc House of the Hangman: You will take all practicable economic and police measures to assure that German resources are fully utilized and consumption held to the minimum in order that 179 may be strictly limited and that surpluses may be made available for the occupying forces and displaced persons and United Nations prisoners of war, and for reparation.
Berlin in Modern Europe: Your aim is not oppression but to occupy Germany for the purpose of realizing certain important Allied objectives. On 10 May President Truman approved JCS Joint Chiefs of Staff policy which directed the US forces of occupation in Germany to “take no steps looking toward the economic rehabilitation of Germany [nor steps] designed to maintain or strengthen the German economy”.
The Norwegian economist Erik S. In such cases, the policies of the Potsdam agreement are controlling. The Control Council should be responsible for facilitating the severance of all governmental and administrative connections between Austria and Germany and the elimination of German economic influences in Austria.
You will endeavor to obtain agreement in the Control Council to the making of this survey in the other zones jcd occupation and you will urge the coordination of the methods and results of this survey in the various zones. Germany needed to be punished for wrongdoing, but it was also essential to revive the German economy for its necessary contribution to European recovery.
In November General Dwight D. Goebbels the best possible chance. You will render them inoperative in your zone.
Occupation forces were not to assist with economic development apart from the agricultural sector. Retrieved from ” https: Pending agreement in the Control Council you will take these measures in your own zone. I have 177 recollection of this at all. It is not anticipated that you will make credits available to the Reichsbank cjs any other bank or to any public or private institution.
It was replaced by JCSwhich instead stressed that “[a]n orderly, prosperous Europe requires the economic contributions of a stable and productive Germany”.
In addition to the above courses of action, there have been general policies of destruction or limitation of possible peaceful productivity under the headings of “pastoral state” and “war potential”.
Byrnes on September 6, During the signing of the plan, which coincided with the signing of a loan agreement, President Roosevelt proposed that they sign the plan first. The Illusion Of Victory: Roosevelt’s motivations for agreeing to Morgenthau’s proposal may be attributed to his desire to be on good terms with Joseph Stalin and to a personal conviction that Germany must be treated harshly.
You will determine the degree to which centralized control and administration of power, transportation and communications is clearly necessary for the objectives stated in paragraphs 4 and 5 and urge the establishment of this degree of centralized control and administration by the Control Council.
The original memorandum, written sometime between January and early Septembersigned by Morgenthau, and headed “Suggested Post-Surrender Program for Germany” is preserved at the Franklin D.
Morgenthau Plan – Wikipedia
In view of the continued poverty and famine in Europe, and with the onset of the Cold War which made it important not to lose all of Germany to the communistsit was apparent by that a change of policy was required. Archived from the original on 31 May The Control Council should establish centralized control over all trade in goods and services with foreign countries.
Poland should get that part of East Prussia which does not go to the USSR and the southern portion of Silesia as indicated on the attached map, Appendix A France should get the Saar and the adjacent territories bounded by the Rhine and the Moselle rivers. This prompted Churchill to exclaim: It outlines the basic policies which will guide you in those two capacities after the termination of the combined command of the Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force.
From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima]. Struck by this, Roosevelt said he had “no idea how he could have initialed this”. United States forces and other Allied forces will use Allied Military marks and Reichsmark currency or coins in their possession. Pending agreement in the Control Council, you will put such measures into effect in your own zone as soon as you have had an opportunity to review and determine production necessary for the purposes stated in paragraphs 4 and 5 of this directive.
In the case of property blocked under 2 above, you will institute measures for prompt restitution, in conformity with the objectives stated in paragraphs 4 and 5 and subject to appropriate safeguards to prevent the cloaking of Nazi and militaristic influence.
The Control Council should decide the time and manner of such resumption. JCS contained its share of weighty pronouncements. Many of the policy statements contained in the directive have been in substance adopted by the Potsdam agreement.
You will carry out and support in your zone the policies agreed upon in the Control Council.
It should be brought home to the Germans that Germany’s ruthless warfare and the fanatical Nazi resistance have destroyed the German economy and made chaos and suffering inevitable and that the Germans cannot escape responsibility for what they have brought upon themselves.
General George Marshall complained to Morgenthau that German resistance had strengthened.
At the same time he was directed to urge the Control Council to adopt these policies for enforcement throughout Germany.
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