The Invention of the Passport: Surveillance, Citizenship and the State ( Cambridge Studies in Law and Society) [John Torpey] on *FREE* shipping. Daniel Nordman THE INVENTION OF THE PASSPORT Surveillance, Citizenship and the State John Torpey University of California, Irvine □H CAMBRIDGE. The Invention of the Passport: Surveillance, Citizenship and the State. Front Cover · John Torpey, Professor of Sociology John Torpey. Cambridge University .

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Their mandate encompassed a wide array of suspects and their authority expanded with the drift toward unconstrained terror. In a state of shocked alarm at the King’s attempted escape, the National Assembly mandated a complete halt to departures from the Kingdom and the arrest of anyone attempting to leave.

Passports – Europe – History – 19th century. In his famous pamphlet “What is the Third Estate?

John Torpey

American Journal of Sociology. A worker may properly be kept from crossing state boundaries, and may even be kept from crossing firm boundaries by the state, but not by the firm.

This innovative book argues that docu- thf such as passports, internal passports and related mechanisms have been crucial in making distinctions between citizens and non-citizens. Noiriel’s writings on the history of immigration, citizenship, and identi- fication documents in France have been a major inspiration for me; the citations of his work in the text point only to the visible peak of an ice- berg of scholarly debt.

Full text of “The invention of the passport : surveillance, citizenship, and the state”

The moderate Louis Nohn suggested that this article and the next should be rejected because “our intention is to prevent internal troubles and to guarantee individual security and general lib- erty,” not to constrain emigration. Yet private entities have been reduced to the capacity of “sheriff s deputies” who participate in the regulation of movement at the behest of states.

Greer’s optimistic view of freedom of movement among the French during this period sits awkwardly, for example, with the evidence of a decree of passplrt National Assembly dated 30 May – 13 June This book examines some of the background to such efforts to iden- tify and track the movements of foreigners.

The Passport Question in the French Revolution 21 The passport problem at the end of the Old Regime 21 The flight of the King and the revolutionary renewal of passport controls 25 The Constitution of 1 and the elimination of passport controls 29 The debate over passport controls of early 32 A detailed examination of the new passport law 36 Passports and freedom of movement under tprpey Convention 44 Passport concerns of the Directory 51 3 Sweeping Out Augeas’s Stable: This is because, as Mary Douglas wrote some years ago, “all margins are dangerous.


The dangers it faces may not permit it to forget that French soil belongs entirely to freedom, and that the law of equality must be univer- sal. In this respect, recent developments in sociology turn our thinking in a fruitful direction when we try to make sense of how states actually embrace the societies they seek to rule, and to distin- guish their members from non-members.

Against this background, let us briefly examine the imposition of passport controls in early modern European states, as rulers increasingly sought to establish untrammeled claims over territories and people. Le Coz’s remarks betrayed the classic illiberal assumption, embodied for example in many of today’s drug-testing proposals, that anyone who refused to cooperate with the authorities in these procedures was guilty – of something.

Intellectuals, Socialism, and Dissent: Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no jobn of any part may take place without the written permission teh Cambridge University Press. Invntion its origins, the habit of viewing freedom of movement as contributing to both liberty and prosperity is a recurrent motif in subsequent discussions of passport restrictions, and a figure of thought that gathered strength with the rising prospects of economic liberalism in nineteenth-century Europe.

Passports and Constraints on Movement from the Interwar to the Postwar Era The emergence of the international refugee regime in the early interwar period Passports, identity papers, and the Nazi persecution of tye Jews Loosening up: This innovative study combines theory and empirical data in questioning how and why states have established the exclusive right to authorize and regulate the movement of people.

The Assembly immediately sent fhe representatives to announce its findings and thus, it hoped, to forestall any harm passpkrt Montmorin ‘s person or property at the hands of the angry mob. A critical aspect of this process has been that people have also become dependent on states for the possession of an “identity” from which they can escape only with difficulty and which may significandy shape their access to various spaces.

Full text of ” The invention of the passport: Foucault’s writings on “governmentality” and the techniques of modern governance represent an important corrective to this tradition. Charles Tilly has noted that the French Revolution’s inaugura- tion of what he aptly calls “direct inventiin gave rulers “access to citizens and the resources they controlled through household taxation, mass con- scription, censuses, police systems, and many other invasions of small-scale social life.

Toward the relaxation of passport controls in the German lands.

Next, I argue ihvention the processes invebtion in this thf force us to rethink the very nature of modern states as they have been portrayed by the dominant strands of sociological theories of the state.


I must also thank my research assistants, Derek Martin and Sharon McConnell, who helped me get under the trap door just before it came down. Yet the picture was far from monochromatic. Wilbanks Limited preview – Because I was intrigued by the question of who supported and who opposed documentary controls on movement in various contexts and why they did so, I have discussed subsequent debates over these matters in other countries wherever I have been able to find source materials.

The emergence of the international torpsy regime in the early interwar period. Such entities may play a role in the control of movement, but they do so today at the behest of states. A “great fear” swept the coun- try, provoking violent retribution against aristocrats and refractory priests as well as attacks on their property.

One legislator insisted on a roll-call vote, calling the provision “bloodthirsty”; another denounced it as “destructive of commerce and industry, and contrary to the interests of the people.


Like Girardin before him, Lemontey feared that a move such as this on the part of the revolutionary leadership would only “augment the number of malcontents. The invention of invenntion passport: In Intellectuals, Socialism, and DissentTorpey examined the role of intellectuals within the German Democratic Republictheir role in the Republic’s eventual collapse, as well as their aspirations for reform.

Those jhon to leave French territory had to have a notation to this effect inserted into their passports by the author- ities in their place of residence; those entering the Kingdom, if they did not already have one, were to take a passport from the authorities in the municipality where they crossed the border.

Enthusiasm for the nation and its definition by the state would mutually characterize that new epoch of which Tropey spoke.

John Torpey : The invention of the passport. Surveillance, Citizenship and the State

Lemalliaud ‘s proposal was seconded by another Assembly representa- tive who noted that the nearby departement of Maine-et-Loire Anjou had already felt compelled to reestablish passport controls and that “substan- tial contingents of troops composed of brigands and those without an aveu are forming at the borders” of Brittany and Anjou.

This fact sug- gests an alternative imagery passpoet that of “penetration” for understanding the accumulation of infrastructural capacity by modern states.

In his important study The Nation-State and Violence, Giddens pays considerable attention to the growing role of surveillance in the development of “direct rule.