The Poeciliidae are a family of freshwater fishes of the order Cyprinodontiformes, the tooth-carps, and include well-known live-bearing aquarium fish, such as the guppy, molly. Genus, Poecilia Bloch and Schneider, – livebearers, mollies. Species, Poecilia reticulata Peters, – gupi, guppy, millions fish, rainbowfish. Siluriformes, Bagridae, Bagrichthys micranodus, native, Ikan pisang Poeciliidae, Poecilia reticulata, introduced, Guppy, Bahenol.

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Occurs in wide variety of habitats with low predation pressure, usually in very small streams and densely vegetated lakes and springs Ref.

Man and Hodgkiss, In non-native areas, guppies are commonly found as the only species in heavily polluted water bodies Barua et al. Pregnant females are recognizable by black triangle between anal and pelvic fins.

Eradication of established populations is difficult and may only be successful in small enclosed pools. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page Poecilia reticulata belongs to the cyprinodont family Poeciliidae, the livebearers. An ecological overview of Poeciliid fishes.

Human uses

A very popular and widely available species in the aquarium trade. Feral populations of P. Risk of Introduction Top of page While intentional introductions of P.

Phylogenetic analysis of the tribe Poeciliini Cyprinodontiformes: Field guide to the freshwater fishes of Australia. Title Adults Caption Poecilia reticulata; Female top and brighter marked male below.

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Introductions and transfers of aquatic species. Fish introductions in Europe with particular reference to its central and eastern part. Variation in the appearance of guppy colour patterns to guppies and their predators under different visual conditions.

When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Journal of Fish Biology, However, their modes of maternal provisioning vary greatly.

Given the tendency for P. Past, Present, and Future [ed. Widely introduced and established elsewhere, mainly for mosquito control, but had rare to non-existing effects on mosquitoes, and negative to perhaps neutral effects on native fishes Ref.

Poecilia reticulata (guppy)

While intentional introductions of P. While initially thought to be a good candidate for mosquito control, P. It is native to parts klasifikaei the Caribbean and northern South America, but it has been widely introduced throughout temperate and tropical regions originally for mosquito control, later as a popular species in the commercial aquarium trade.

Social Impact Top of page The presence of P.


Burgess and Franz, ; Froese and Pauly, Froese and Pauly, ; Froese and Pauly, Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

While colour patterns are usually only expressed in males, characters coded by genes on autosomal or X chromosomes may be expressed by mature females after reproductive senescence Kirpichnikov,or through administration of male hormones Haskins et al. Within the natural range of P.


Stabilised heterozygosis of supergenes mediating certain Y-linked colour patterns in populations of Lebistes reticulatus. Genes controlling male colour patterns are found both on gonosomes and autosomes, and are expressed only gyppy the presence of androgenic hormones. It also occurs in Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Brazil, Guyana, Netherlands Antilles, and the US Virgin Islands Kenny,and it has been found in Barbados, Cuba and Grenada Magurran,but it is not certain whether the species naturally colonised these regions or was introduced.

South Pacific Commission, Actinopterygii Summary of Invasiveness P. Fricke, ; Froese and Gupy, Exotic fishes in fresh and brackish waters of Florida. Regions of the X and Y chromosomes are able to recombine, indicating that the Y chromosome is less specialised than mammalian Y chromosomes and retains kklasifikasi genes other than those determining sex, as also indicated by the viability of YY males Winge and Ditlevsen, ; Haskins et al. The ability of P.

Distribution, Biology klasigikasi Management of Exotic Fishes [ed. The impact of predation on life history evolution in Trinidadian guppies Poecilia reticulata. Port Elizabeth, South Africa, p.