Mohwa is one of the most important of Indian forest trees, not because it may possess valuable timber – and it is hardly ever cut for this purpose. Mahua is a common name used for Madhuca longifolia, it belongs to the family Sapotaceae. It is an important economic tree growing throughout India. Mahua is . Trees, to 20 m high, bark grey, cm thick, vertically cracked, exfoliating in thin scales; blaze reddish-brown or dark red; exudation milky. Leaves simple.

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Now containing plants. Mahua does better on deep loamy or sandy-loam soils with good drainage, but it also occurs on shallow stony, clayey and calcareous longifolis Orwa et al. Madhuca longifolia Plant List: Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts -J.

India Biodiversity Portal

Your comments The flower labeled South Indian Mahua is Madhucosides A and B, protobassic acid glycosides from Madhuca indica with inhibitory activity on free radical release from phagocytes. The tree wins in fame due to the liquor distilled from the flowers, which are used to make vinegar.

Phytochemistry has undergone significant development in recent years as a longifoliq discipline. Conclusion Although mahua butter has been part of a supplemental diet in India, information on the phytochemicals in this fat is limited.

The high oleic and linoleic acid content makes the fat nutritionally valuable. Fruitipedia, India Singhal, K.

Irrigation may be useful during fruit development but should be avoided during flowering and leaf shedding. Various detoxification methods have also been tried for the use of cake as an improved animal feed only.

Madhuca longifolia – Wikipedia

Fruit with leaves in Narsapur, Medak districtIndia. Southern India extending northwards to Maharashtra and Gujarat.


Mahua flowers are also well known for their high reducing sugar and nutrient content. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Mahua butter being characterized by a relatively high amount of ST 3. The taste is reminiscent of sake with a distinctive smell of mahua flowers. Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. It is because the combined effect of both palmitic and stearic acids in TAG molecules may tend to elevate the melting points of fatty materials De Man Defatting of mahua seed increased the protein, saponin and tannin levels. Mahua is reported to have many applications in traditional medicine, and to provide several environmental benefits see Environmental impact below.

Use in chick ration. The nutritionally important components such as tocopherols improve stability of the oil.

Madhuca longifolia

Mahua contains high levels longlfolia saponins, which reduce palatability and have antinutritional and toxic effects on animals, though less so in ruminants EFSA, Reuther, Webber madhucs Batcher [ 31 ], reported that mature full grown but still unripe fruits are made into jam with addition of citric acid. They are used to make syrup for medicinal purposes. Preparation of mahua wine from fresh flowers has also been reported [ 33 ]. Moreover, mahua butter is suitable for human consumption, in contrast, to other tree borne oilseeds like jatropha, castor and karanj which have some toxic compounds like curcurin in jatropha, ricin in castor and pongamin and karakjiin flavonoid in karanj Yadav et al.

November 22, ; Accepted date: Drawing of the leaves, flowers, fruit and seed Photograph by: Mahua butter has many edible and medicinal applications. A deciduous tree, m tall and with a spreading, dense, round, shady canopy. Leaves, flowers and fruits are lopped to feed goats and sheep Singh et al. In raktapitta, the fresh juice of flowers is used with great benefit to arrest the bleeding. Line drawing of the leaf and flower Photograph by: Search is necessary of new sources of oil plants which provide high recovery of oil or fat for nutritional, pharmaceutical applications and other uses.


Nutritional studies on mowha residue.

Preliminary phytochemical studies were performed for methanolic extract of Madhuca longifolia. In Indian folk medicine, the leaf ash is mixed with ghee to make a dressing for wounds and burns. The flowers play an important role in augmention the breast milk in lactating mothers and in mmadhuca the quantity of seminal fluids also [ 7 ]. Longifopia skin diseases, the juice of flowers is rubbed for oleation. Setting up of a Longifilia oil extraction unit.

The result shows that ethanolic extract was significantly effective in protecting pylorus ligation-induced gastric ulcers.

Table 9 shows that out of all, proteins were found positive while alkaloids and resins were found negative in all four extracts. Soil improver, soil reclamation and erosion control Though not a legume, mahua develops mycorrhizal associations able to fix atmospheric N. FAME as biodiesel are environmentally safe, non-toxic and biodegradable.

Madhuca longifolia var. latifolia – Mahua

Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Madhuca longifolia. Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle. J Am Oil Chem Soc.